A carpet is derived from an Armenian word 'karpet', kar means knot or stitch. A carpet is a term used in any felted textile, floor coverings, table coverings, and wall coverings.
Woven Carpet This is produced on a loom similar to woven cloth. It is also very expensive due to its operation cost.
Tufted Carpet This type is produced on a tufting machine. The yarn used is either single colored or non-colored. If the yarn used is non-colored, the carpet will be dyed or have a pattern printed on them.
Needlefelt Carpet This type is more technologically advanced. It is produced by the electrostatic attraction of individual fibers. It is one of the durable carpets and highly used in high traffic areas in the home or office.
Flatweave Carpet This is very popular in Japan and the orient. It is produced by interlocking warp and weft threads.
Hooked Rug It is also known as a handicraft because it is handmade and created by pulling strips of cloth through meshes of a sturdy fabric.
Knotted Pile A structural weft thread alternates with a supplementary weft thread that will rise from the surface at a perpendicular angle.
Carpet Fibers and Yarns
1. Wool or Wool with Synthetic Fibers
They are very durable, expensive and can be dyed easily.
This one varies in price depending on the price of the oil. They can be dyed topically or dyed in a molten state an they can be printed easily.
They are cheap but difficult to dye. They are recommended for light use only.
This has good physical properties and very stain resistant. They are dyed in a molten state.
5. PTT (Polytrimethylene terephthalate)
They are also known as Sorona, 3GT, and Corterra. This kind of material is more crush resistant, resilient, easy to clean, resistant to mold and dries easily. They are dyed in a molten state.
1. Cut Pile
It is a type of carpet with cut loops, very popular, and durable.
The fibers have a twisted and curly nature. It can be used in high traffic areas.
It can be used in high traffic areas and it creates a look in between of casual and formal.
This is also known as velvet cut pile. It has a smooth texture and it creates a very luxurious look.
2. Cut and Loop Pile
It is a combination of cut and loop fibers and it creates a more decorative look.
3. Level Loop Pile
It is a carpet that has loops at the same height and very durable.
4. Multi-Level Loop Pile
It has different heights in the loop. This type is durable.
1. Wall to Wall Carpets
This covers the entire floor of a room, energy efficient when it comes to insulating a room. It is frequently used to hide worn-out or broken floors. The initial cost is expensive.
2. Carpet Squares
They are also known as carpet tiles. They should be professionally installed.
3. Area Rugs
It is very popular in adding some style in a room.
4. Scatter Rugs
This is used in high traffic areas such as kitchen sink or an entrance way.
5. Carpet Runners
They are usually found in a hallway.
Carpets can make any room look formal, casual, and even elegant. Knowing the different types of carpets can help you in choosing what is best for your home or office.